Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin’s essay explores Ethereum Layer 2 scaling techniques for the smart contract blockchain ecosystem. Co-founder Vitalik Buterin foresees increased complexity in the layer-2 Ethereum ecosystem due to various tech advances.
In an update on his blog, the co-founder of the smart contract blockchain opened up about the existing Ethereum scalability landscape where layered 2 protocols offer varying means for bringing better scaling options, less costly solutions, and more enhanced security measures.
Vitalik Buterin hailed EVM roll-ups, enhancing Arbitrum, Optimism, Scroll, and KAKA-ROT platforms, boosting safety in blockchain solutions.
Different types of layer 2shttps://t.co/ry4VTtWhJ1
— vitalik.eth (@VitalikButerin) October 31, 2023
Meanwhile, “sidechain projects” like Polygon have also developed roll-up solutions. Vitalik Buterin emphasizes zkSync, Arbitrum Stylus, Starknet, and others as vital for scaling Ethereum’s ecosystem using “almost-EVMs” and zero-knowledge proofs.
A natural outcome of this is diversity in layer 2 projects, which will only pick up pace for various relevant reasons. However, Several layer 1 projects aim to integrate with Ethereum and its layer 2 ecosystem for enhanced collaboration and compatibility.
Transition complexity arises due to technology limitations; simultaneous implementation risks usability reduction as current tech can’t integrate all functions. On the other hand, postponing makes “losing momentum too late.”
Buterin on Roll-up Solutions & Decentralization
Centralized non-Ethereum projects seek added security via blockchain solutions to reassure users, exploring options beyond Ethereum. Historically, these types of projects would have looked to “permissioned consortium chains” to achieve this:
Half the downsizing may suffice as far as they are concerned. They also have high throughputs, making them unsuitable even for roll-ups in the short term. Buterin explores non-financial uses like gaming and social media interested in decentralization with modest security needs.
Highlighting a social media use case, Buterin notes that different app parts require separate functionality. However, high-value activity like username registration and account recovery is rarely done, while posting and voting are common.
He notes in addition that he considers chain failure causing user’s posts to vanish to be an “acceptable cost.” Still, chain failure, taking into account, is a completely different matter. However, Buterin also points out that the costs of payroll fees may need to be more reasonable for non-blockchain customers.
On the other hand, earlier blockchain users have become accustomed to much higher prices of on-chain interactions. Ethereum’s co-founder explains trade-offs about various roll-ups versus scaling options for the environment of this technology.
Security concerns withdrawing from Layer 2 to Ethereum and reading data from blocks impact the Ethereum connectivity level. Buterin notes that high security and tight connectedness are important for some applications, while others require something looser for greater scalability.
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Many of us favor beginning with something more flexible today and adapting it to a tighter coupler during the next decade when technology advances. Proto-dank Sharding, EIP-4844 nickname, next Ethereum hardware fork enhances data availability for a network boost. Buterin claims that advances in data compression pave the path for improved Ethereum functionalities.