Crypto Trading vs. Crypto Investing: Unraveling Key Differences

Jun. 20, 2023
Crypto Trading vs. Crypto Investing: Unraveling Key Differences

Cryptocurrency Trading: Understanding The Concept

Crypto traders employ various short-term techniques. These include scalping, day trading, swing trading, and position trading, which allow them to capitalize on price fluctuations and market movements.

Trading digital currencies, like traditional financial assets like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and XRP, requires the ability to foresee price movements. Additionally, traders in digital currencies need to speculate on the future of these cryptocurrencies.

The core focus of trading revolves around “timing the market,” which involves strategically buying and selling assets based on assessments of the most suitable entry and exit points.

Traders rely on market headlines and technical analysis indicators to make sound judgments. In addition, crypto traders utilize the following strategies for trading cryptocurrencies:


Arbitrage is a trading method that takes benefit of price disparities in an asset across several exchanges. Traders can profit from modest price differences by purchasing and selling assets between businesses.

Day Trading:

Day traders regularly watch the market for intraday price movements to profit from them and cancel their positions before the industry closes at night. The entire transaction can take anything between a few minutes and several hours.

Swing Trading:

Swing traders take advantage of the swift price fluctuations in cryptocurrencies, engaging in trades that usually span from a single day to a few weeks. These traders employ technical analysis to detect notable price movements in cryptocurrency values during this relatively brief timeframe.

Position Trading:

Position trading is a type of trading that is also an investment. It is similar to swing trading, but it entails significant research into long-term trends and patterns – and it often lasts many months to many years.


Scalping is a high-frequency trading method that places many transactions quickly to capitalize on small price swings. Scalpers, the most active market players, execute quick trades with short holding durations. These trades can last for minutes or seconds in certain circumstances, allowing them to “skim” a profit without taking on significant risk.

Pros & Cons Of Cryptocurrency Trading

Pros Of Cryptocurrency Trading:

  1. Profit generating occurs quickly: Trading cryptocurrencies can assist you in making quick money by taking advantage of short-term price volatility and market shifts.
  2. Safe value storage:  People frequently see cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin (BTC), as a secure store of wealth. They operate independently of central bodies such as banks.
  3. Low fees: Peer-to-peer trading of digital currencies is often less costly than regular bank or credit union transactions.
  4. Universal accessibility: Anyone with an internet connection and a laptop or mobile phone can utilize and trade cryptocurrencies. As a result, anyone from anywhere in the globe may engage in Bitcoin trading.

Cons Of Cryptocurrency Trading:

  1. Inherent Risk & Volatility: Cryptocurrencies are infamous for their extreme volatility, which causes their prices to move quickly and unexpectedly. This volatility magnifies the trading risk, resulting in losses if not adequately controlled.
  2. Complexity:  Trading cryptocurrencies can be difficult, especially for novices. Recognizing market conditions, doing technical analysis, and implementing risk management strategies all need time, effort, and a learning curve.
  3. Lack Of Regulation:  The markets for digital currencies are less regulated than in traditional economies. Traders can be subject to market manipulation, fraud, and scams because of the lack of restrictions.
  4. Emotional Challenges: The high volatility and potential for substantial gains or losses in cryptocurrency trading can lead to emotional stress and impulsive decision-making without a disciplined mindset.

Considering the risks involved, beginners in trading should start cautiously, investing small amounts while gaining experience and knowledge. Understanding the market dynamics, developing a trading strategy, and considering one’s risk tolerance before engaging in high-stakes trading is essential.

Exploring The Concept Of Investing In Cryptocurrency

In contrast, cryptocurrency investment primarily revolves around acquiring and retaining cryptocurrencies for an extended duration, expecting the investment to grow in value over time.

Termed ‘holding,’ a blend of ‘hold’ and ‘hold on for dear life,’ investing in cryptocurrencies entails more extraordinary long-term dedication than crypto trading.

Consequently, crypto investors demonstrate less concern towards short-term market fluctuations and prioritize assessing the fundamental aspects of the crypto assets they acquire. Various strategies adopted by crypto investors include:


As previously stated, holding primarily entails purchasing and retaining cryptocurrency assets for an extended period. The long-run expectation is that the value of cryptocurrencies will increase, constituting the fundamental idea behind it.

Dollar-cost Averaging: 

Investors employing this strategy acquire cryptocurrency in incremental quantities at consistent intervals, irrespective of market fluctuations. In theory, this methodology aims to even out prices over time and mitigate the influence of volatility on an individual’s investment portfolio.

Value Investing:

Value investing involves identifying undervalued cryptocurrencies with robust fundamentals and promising growth prospects. Investors purchase these assets at a lower price, anticipating their value to appreciate over time.

Growth Investing:

Intending to boost an investor’s money, growth investors invest in new assets predicted to increase exponentially.

Index Fund Investing:

Investors can diversify their holdings across numerous digital currencies through specially designed cryptocurrency index funds. These funds structure themselves similarly to exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and mutual funds, including various assets in their portfolios.

Pros & Cons Cryptocurrency Investing

Pros Of Investing In Cryptocurrency:

  1. Capital Appreciation:  There is a significant long-term capital appreciation potential for cryptocurrencies. History indicates that long-term investment in the cryptocurrency industry might provide significant dividends despite upcoming price swings. But it’s essential to remember that there’s still a chance for quick alterations.
  2. Hedge Against Inflation:  Cryptocurrencies can protect investors against inflation. Cryptocurrencies, unlike traditional money, are decentralized and have a finite quantity. They are less vulnerable to inflationary pressures brought on by economic forces. Governmental acts have a minor influence on the value of cryptocurrencies.
  1. Lower Risks Than Trading: Compared to actively trading cryptocurrencies, investing in them often entails a longer-term commitment and reduced risks. Due to frequent buying and selling, traders are subject to short-term market volatility and risk making unwise financial selections.

Cons Of Investing In Cryptocurrency:

  1. Inherent Volatility:  The main drawback of cryptocurrency investment is its intrinsic volatility. Prices for cryptocurrencies may change significantly over brief intervals, making them quite unpredictable. Due to this volatility, investors are at an increased risk of suffering losses.
  2. High Risk:  Investing in cryptocurrencies can be risky, especially for those unfamiliar with the fundamentals and associated risks. The investors’ funds are at significant risk because of a lack of regulation, vulnerability to market manipulation, and the possibility of hacking and security breaches. Among these risks include the potential for financial loss and the compromise of private financial data.

Recognizing that investing in cryptocurrencies can bring advantages and disadvantages is crucial. People considering investing in this asset class should do their homework and keep up with market trends. They should be able to accept the risks and inherent volatility involved.

Crypto Investing vs. Crypto Trading: Key Differences

Despite their differences, investing and trading sometimes go hand in hand. It’s not uncommon for traders to also be investors and vice versa. However, it remains essential, particularly for individuals venturing into the crypto market, to understand the disparity between the roles.

So, what sets a cryptocurrency investor apart from a cryptocurrency trader? In broad terms, investors acquire cryptocurrencies based on underlying solid fundamentals and anticipate long-term price appreciation. Conversely, traders capitalize on market volatility by holding their coins briefly to optimize their gains.

Emphasizing that trading and investing involve risks. It is worth mentioning that risk profiles can help investors and traders distinguish themselves. Typically, investors are more inclined to avoid troubles.

They prefer to let their investments grow steadily without being overly concerned about daily price fluctuations. Conversely, traders actively embrace risk-taking and must comprehend market volatility and conditions firmly.


Rida Fatima

News writer
An ardent wordsmith with a rich five-year background in delving into the realms of finance and cryptocurrencies. Alongside curating captivating blogs, Unique's talents extend to crafting imaginative and engaging content.